Removable dental prosthesis are appliances used in case of loss of one or more teeth. The patient can put them on and off whenever they want. This provides ease of use and comfort to the person.
Removable Dental Prosthesis Advantages
- is more economical and practical than implant treatment.
- These prostheses, which replace lost tissues and teeth , improve both aesthetic appearance and chewing and speaking functions.
- It restores broken, discolored or deformed teeth to their former natural appearance and function. Thus, it gives the person self-confidence and prevents psychological problems caused by unhealthy teeth.
- Some removable dentures eliminate the need to cut teeth and correct partial missing teeth .
- For those who have the habit of clenching or grinding their teeth, a solution can be provided by applying prosthesis treatment.
- They also play a major role in compensating for soft/hard tissue losses observed in the chin and face area.
Removable Dental Prosthesis Types
- Classical partial denture : It is a type of prosthesis that is attached to the teeth in the mouth with hooks. Also known as ‘partial prosthesis’. It is preferred in patients whose natural teeth -in terms of location and number- are not sufficient for fixed prosthesis. It is divided into types such as telescopic crown prosthesis, clasp prosthesis , bar prosthesis and sliding prosthesis.
It also complements the supporting tissues, the amount of which is reduced due to bone resorption. It also somewhat reduces the collapse and wrinkles that occur due to aging in the cheek and lip areas.
- Precision Retained Prosthesis : Hooks are not visible in these prostheses. It is a type of hookless prosthesis that functions with porcelain coatings applied to the existing teeth in the mouth. It is used in case of missing more than one tooth.
- Full Denture : It is the treatment applied to patients who are missing all natural teeth. It is also known as ‘denture’ or ‘total denture’. It receives support from the gums and palate. It is produced from acrylic.
- Immediate prosthesis : It is a temporary prosthesis applied to patients whose teeth need to be extracted or implants will be applied.
- Overdenture Prosthesis : It is applied on the tooth or root that is present in the mouth but is planned to be extracted after a while.
How long does it take to make a removable prosthesis?
If there is no need for porcelain veneer, the operation is completed in 5-6 sessions. However, it is possible to increase the sessions if needed.
After the prosthesis is attached, a few more sessions can be done to adapt it to your mouth. Within 1 month, you will be able to use your prosthesis comfortably.
How Long Does a Removable Dental Prosthesis Last?
These can be used for 5-10 years without any problems. It is also possible to use it for a longer period of time.
However, over time, various changes may occur in the teeth and tissues. Since the oral environment is affected by all kinds of foods we eat and drink, wear on the prosthesis can be seen.
Therefore, the removable prosthesis does not promise a lifetime of permanence. It must be renewed when worn out.
Period After Removable Prosthesis
- chew your food slowly at the beginning . Take small bites on both sides of your mouth and chew on both sides. Try to chew food with your back teeth. Do not bite with your front teeth for the first few weeks.
- For the first few days after the prosthesis is applied, eat soft foods such as rice, vegetable meal, pasta. Stay away from hard foods for a while until your muscles get stronger.
- In the process of getting used to the presence of your prosthesis, you may have difficulty making some sounds. In this situation, standing in front of the mirror and talking aloud or reading an audiobook can help you adapt more easily.
- Before going to sleep, you should remove your prosthesis and keep it in clean drinking water all night.
- You should brush the removable denture without applying force with a denture cleaning brush. You can use cleaning tablets during this process.
- You should not delay dental check-ups every 6 months. The maintenance and polishing of the prosthesis will also be carried out during the routine inspection. For this reason, you should not neglect to go to check-ups twice a year.